Coyotes and Fox

Coyotes and fox mate for life.  The family and social structure is highly organized.  The puppies (coyotes) and kits (fox) don’t leave the den until they are weaned after being there for weeks with their mother only.  The male does not enter the den but does hunting for the whole family.  After that they may wander away from the den while the parents are out hunting.  They won’t be far from the den.  Also, Mom may have dropped a baby while moving to an alternate den if she is scared off.  If you are unsure if this is an orphaned baby, leave it for half a day.  Sometimes in a flooding area a baby may be washed out of a den.  Leave the baby alone unless it is constant crying, dirty, maggot or flea infested, bloody, or injured.


Waterfowl

Different species of waterfowl have different emergency needs and my not need our help at all.  Some can be dangerous such as long necked birds like herons.  Contact a waterfowl rehabilitator for specific advice.


Birds

Baby birds fall out or blow out of nests.  If you can find the nest you can return the baby.  Remember the baby didn’t fall far from the nest.  Some species (consult a wildlife rehabilitator that takes in birds) will take care of two nests if you make a nest and place it nearby the other nest.  This may be necessary if the original nest is too high.  You can make a nest from a plastic basket from cherry tomatoes.  Fill the nest with dry bedding such as leaves or dryer lint.  It is important to use enough bedding to keep the baby snug.  Their legs are soft and need to form properly which they can’t do if the babies aren’t packed tightly together. 

A bird with improperly formed legs can’t hop to eat and can’t hop to fly and will probably have to be euthanized.  Place the nest where it has protection from sun.  When a bird leaves the nest it flutters to the ground. If you put it back in the tree it will flutter to the ground again.  The parents will feed them and protect them.  This is the time to keep your cat in the house.  Birds also make nests in propane fill caps, which workers removed nest and all.  Stuff a rag into the cap to prevent this.  Reuniting bird of prey babies is species specific and needs to be handled by an expert.


Raccoons

As of the beginning of 2013 we don’t have raccoon rabies in Michigan.  We do have a lot of distemper which can have the same symptoms as rabies. 
If a raccoon has entered your attic, boat, chimney, grill, etc. late winter/early spring, it is a female intending to have her babies there.  We get calls all spring all day every day about this exact situation.